Issue N# 4 - 2007
Aesthetic parotidectomy: Face lift incision and SMAS flap
Authors : Paris J, Richard O, Lafont B, Facon F, Bruzzo M.
Ref. : Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol. 2007;128,4:261-264.
Article published in french
Downloadable PDF document french
Introduction: Traditional parotidectomy skin incision (bayonet-shaped incision) is adapted from an extirpative standpoint but not ideal cosmetically. There are three main drawbacks: Scar, retro-mandibular depression and Frey syndrome. The goal of this prospective study was to evaluate the feasibility of this facial incision for extirpative purposes and to define the clinical benefit in terms of scar and retromandibular depression. Method: Ten patients with parotid tumors were included during the period 2005-2006. All patients had benign tumours: 5 males and 5 females. Mean age was 49 yrs. (42-67). Investigated parameters were: «retromandibular depression», «skin scar» and «Frey syndrome». Analogic visual satisfaction scale (1-10) was used by patients to assess these data postoperatively at 15 days, 1 month and 6 months. Results: This face lift approach allowed very good surgical exposure not only of the parotid area but the posterior submandibular region and over the sternocleidomastoid muscle. Postoperative lateral facial contour was symmetric and good in all cases. Six patients assed this parameter 8/10 and 4 assessed 10/10. After removal of stitches the facial skin scar was considered good in 100% of cases. Six patients assed this parameter 9/10 and 4 assessed 10/10. No Frey syndrome was reported by any patients within 16 months postoperatively. Conclusion: Association of a face skin lift approach and a SMAS flap yields a very good cosmetic outcome after surgical parotidectomy. As aesthetic considerations are obvious in breast surgery, aesthetic considerations have a great place in parotid and head and neck surgery.
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