Issue N# 5 - 2003
Speech disorders, verbal and non verbal communication. Comparison of the verbal communication (articulation) and nonverbal within two groups of patients: patients with facial paralysis (FP) and those who had undergone hypoglosso-facial anastomosis (HFA)
Authors : P. Gatignol, F. Tankere, D. Clero, Ch. Lobryau, J. Soudant, G. Lamas (Paris)
Ref. : Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol. 2003;124,5:291-297.
Article published in french
Downloadable PDF document french
Introduction: Speech disorders were often allotted to hypoglossal-facial anastomosis (HFA) without being clearly shown. We have compared patients with a peripheral facial paralysis at those with HFA. Aims of the study: Retrospective study comparing verbal communication (articulation) and non-verbal within two groups of patients: patients with patient FP versus with HFA. Patients and methods: 10 patients with idiopathic FP versus 7 patients with HFA took part in this study. The series of tests includes an evaluation of the motor possibilities, bilabial pressure measurement (for the patients with FP), speech capacities and finally an evaluation of the verbal and non-verbal communication from a scale of satisfaction. Results: The results highlight: the presence of real speech disorders (permanent) among patients with FP and their absence among patients having profited from HFA; a real satisfaction of the HFA versus FP on the quality of life compared to daily tasks, more specifically concerning verbal and food skills. Conclusion: The HFA is not responsible for speech disorders, and makes undeniable improvements confirmed subsequently by the patients.
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