Issue N# 5 - 2008
MAXILLO-FACIAL AND OHARYNGE
Desmoplastic ameloblastoma in a 7 year old child
Authors : Mikou A, Al Bouzidi A, Kabbaj R, Chahdi H, Kamous W, Zoubeir Y, Rharrassi I, Rimani M, Labraimi A, El Khatib M, Rzin A, Nassih M. (Rabat)
Ref. : Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol. 2008;129,5:341-343.
Article published in french
Downloadable PDF document french
Desmoplastic ameloblastoma is a benign, locally agressive neoplasm of proliferating odontogenic epithelial origin. It is seen among old patients from 17 to 72 years with an average age 42 years and without predilection of sex. We report the case of a 7 year old child, having presented since the 5 years age, a gingival tumefaction on the left higher incisivo-canin group which increased volume gradually. The stomatologic examination showed a gingival tumefaction covered with a healthy mucous membrane, ovoid form and measuring 3 cm on its horizontal axis. The tomodensitometry of the jawbone showed in front of the 21st and the 22nd tooth, the presence of an osseous lesion associating of the hearths of osteolysis and osteocondensation with rupture of cortical and invasion of the soft tissue. A curetting of the lesion was carried out and the anatomopathologic examination retained the diagnosis of desmoplastic ameloblastoma. The characteristic of our observation is the youth of the patient. In addition, the desmoplastic ameloblastoma is relatively rare, is characterized by an anatomical distribution, a radiological appearance and a morphological aspect differents from the traditional ameloblastoma. A radical surgical treatment is suggested for this tumour to avoid recurrency.
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