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  Contents > Previous page > Article detail print Order
o Issue N# 1 - 2007 o

OTOLOGY

The length of the piston in otosclerosis surgery


Authors : Portmann D, Alcantara M, Vianna M. (Bordeaux)

Ref. : Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol. 2007;128,1:55-58.

Article published in french
Downloadable PDF document french



Summary : The measurement of the piston is always described as a significant stage of the surgery but its length is never clearly defined. Objective: The goal of this work is to determine the length of the prosthesis. Materials and Methods: From May 2003 to May 2005, 128 patients with otosclerosis, diagnosed on the basis of their clinical history and their audiogram, were included in this prospective study. Some of them were revision surgeries. The prosthesis generally used was the Portmann piston clip (Medtronic Xomed Inc Portmann Piston Clip Stainless Steel/Fluoroplastic). In stapedectomies, a Teflon piston of 0.6mm of diameter was used (Pouret Company Fluoroplastic Stapes Prosthesis). These prostheses must be trimmed before their installation. The measurement technique is described. The length of the prosthesis was increased by 0.5 mm to include the thickness of the footplate. Results: The Portmann piston clip was used 116 times (100 initial surgeries and 16 revisions surgeries) and the Teflon prosthesis of 0.6mm of diameter only 13 times (6 primary stapedectomies and 7 revisions stapedectomies). The length of the prosthesis was between 3,5 mm and 5 mm. In the majority of cases, the length of the prosthesis was 4.75 mm (62 patients, 48.1%), followed by 4.5 mm (29 patients, 22.5%) and 5 mm (27 patients, 20.9%). In eleven cases (8.5%) the prosthesis measured less than 4,5 mm. None of the patients in this study experienced a postoperative sensorineural hearing loss. Conclusion: The measurement of the length of the piston is very significant, and in our study the majority of the pistons were cut at 4.75 mm which indicates an incus-footplate measurement of 4.25 mm.

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