Issue N# 2 - 2009
Bronchoscopic findings in children with prolonged respiratory symptoms
Authors : Krifa N, Belcadhi M, Mani R, Abdelkefi M, Bouzouita K.
Ref. : Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol. 2009;130,2:111-115.
Article published in french
Downloadable PDF document french
Objective: this retrospective study aims to establish an algorithm indicating a bronchoscopy, based on clinical and radiological criteria predictive of the presence of a foreign body (FB), in children with prolonged respiratory symptoms and no history of foreign body aspiration (FBA); to establish a study of these criteria and to compare the clinical, radiological and broncoscopic findings in such cases. Methods: we chose to review the records of 73 children (age ≤ 15 years) with prolonged respiratory symptoms (for at least 15 days) and no history of FBA who underwent bronchoscopy at our institution between 1996 and 2005. Results: The mean age was 3 years and 2 months, the majority of the patients were between 1 and 3 years of age (56%), 59% of the patients were boys and the mean of evolution of symptoms before the broncoscopy was 3 months and 3 weeks. We found a foreign body (FB) in 17 cases (23.2%). The FBs were in 88.2% of the cases of vegetable origin. A granulation tissue was associated in 47% of positive bronchoscopies. There were no complications related to bronchoscopy. The clinical and the radiological findings were no specific of FBs. Conclusion: Bronchoscopy must be indicated in suspected cases of FBA to prevent delayed diagnosis and pulmonary sequelae. The clinical and radiological findings may help the clinician to indicate it.
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